Artist Piet Mondrian, original name Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan (NL,1872—USA 1944) was an important leader in the development of modern abstract art and a major exponent of the Dutch abstract art movement known as De Stijl (“The Style”), which was founded by Theo van Doesburg.
Mondrian is recognized for the purity of his abstractions and the methodical practice by which he arrived at them. He radically simplified the elements of his paintings to reflect what he saw as the spiritual order underlying the visible world, creating a clear, universal aesthetic language within his canvases.
In his best known paintings from the 1920s, Mondrian reduced his shapes to lines and rectangles and his palette to fundamental basics pushing past references to the outside world toward pure abstraction. His ideas and practises were crucial in the development of modern art, and his iconic abstract works remain influential in design and familiar in popular culture to this date.