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Salvador Dalí (1904-1989) is famous for his surrealist paintings and for his talent - with his striking appearance and eccentric behaviour - of playing the media of the 20th century. The works from his estate are collected in the Dalí Foundation, with four museums in Spain - two in Figueras, one in Púbol and one in Portlligat - dedicated to the artist. There is also a Dalí museum in the United States, namely in St. Petersburg in Florida. The collection of this museum is largely from the estate of the Morse family. From 11 January 2011, the collection will be on show in a new building.
‘Landscape with girl skipping rope’ is hanging from 22 September 2010 until 30 January 2011 in the Civico Museo Arte Contemporanea in the Palazzo Reale in Milan. An exceptional retrospective exhibition of Dalí is being held there, with a Dalí animation from 1945/46 entitled Destino from Disney Studio’s. The animation was completed in 2004 and will be issued on 30 November 2010 on blu-ray.
In the collection
In the winter of 1970/1971, Museum Boijmans van Beuningen organised an exhibition of the work of Salvador Dalí. For this, the curator, Renilde Hammacher, borrowed works from the collection of the eccentric English poet and collector Edward James. When, in 1977, James decided to sell part of his collection for the benefit of his statue garden, Las Pozas in the jungle of Mexico, Museum Boijmans van Beuningen was given first choice. The following were acquired: Landscape with girl skipping rope (1936), A couple with their head filled with clouds (1936), The great paranoia (1936), Spain (1938), Impressions of Africa (1938) and two preliminary studies for the latter painting. The middle panel of ‘Landscape with girl skipping rope’ was damaged during the Second World War and was largely repainted for the sale. The other acquired works had, artistically, not been touched by any hands other than those of Dalí, ‘Il Divino’ himself.
Lutz & Guggisberg
Andres Lutz and Anders Guggisberg have been working together since 1996 as Lutz & Guggisberg. They have a studio in Fahrweid, near Zurich, and a website that clearly shows that it is difficult to categorise their work. The installation in Museum Boijmans van Beuningen is called ‘The studio in the heavens’ and consists of pieces of scenery for a theatre piece that was performed in May 2010 by three different companies in the Stadstheater in Bern.
Landscape with a girl skipping rope
‘Landscape with a girl skipping’ is restored in the summer of 2010 in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen’s Serra Gallery in full view of museum visitors. Dalí painted the work in 1936 for the London home of his friend, the poet and collector Edward James. The painting was damaged during an air raid in the Second World War. The centre panel was stored apart from the side panels. The panels were reunited and restored in the nineteen-sixties and then found their way to Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen as a long-term loan in 1972. The museum purchased the painting in 1977.
The fall of Ixion
‘The Fall of Ixion’ was painted in 1588 by Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem (1562-1638). He is a representative of the Haarlem Mannerism school and is known for his enormous canvases, populated with countless figures in complicated poses. This painting was discovered in 1980 and, although modern art had priority at the time, was acquired by Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen.
‘The Fall of Ixion’ was restored in 1995. It was then discovered that - probably in the 19th century - figures had been painted over the original composition. For example, the figure on the wheel in the fire was not painted originally, but later, following the example of a print by Hendrick Goltzius. During the restoration, all additions and overpaints were removed and damages were touched up. This resulted in an painting that once again largely reflected the one Cornelis van Haarlem had painted in 1588. After the restoration and the removal of the wheel in the underworld, the falling figure is no longer indisputably that of Ixion. The art historian Felice Geurdes shows, in a paper from 2006, that the painting that now hangs in the collection of Museum Boijmans could also be the one that, at the time, Karel van Manders described as: The Fall of Lucifer.
In recent years, Gwendolyn Boeve-Jones has restored not 5, but 6 paintings by Dalífrom the collection of Museum Boijmans van Beuningen. 1. Landscape with girl skipping rope (1936) 2. A couple with their head filled with clouds (1936) 3. Sun table (1936) 4. Spain (1938) 5. Impressions of Africa (1938) 6. Visage of war (1940)
In episode 8 of Boijmans TV, security guard Arie must clearly get used to the make-up that Mandy wears in her new job behind the reception. Could she perhaps wear a little less? And Arie also doesn’t understand why restorer Gwendolyn Boeve-Jones has been so occupied for months on end with the paintings of the famous Spanish artist Salvador Dalí. What if she makes a mistake... No, of course Mandy should be in the information room and Dalí’s work should be hanging in the gallery and protected. Then Bregje would have been able to show it to the group of addicts that she guides this time through the museum. The addicts now go through the hatch in the installation of Lutz & Guggisberg and come out, through necessity, at the Fall of Ixion by Cornelis van Haarlem. And this painting is, after restoration, just a little bit barer than it was before. In the meantime, the social skills of Mandy (without make-up!) are put to the test by an unfortunate artist. Well, who wouldn’t like to hang in Boijmans?
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