Painting is perhaps one of the best known form of art. Who doesn’t know the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci or the Night Watch by Rembrandt?
For a long time paintings mostly depicted religious subjects. In the Middle Ages many people couldn’t read, so churches used painting to tell Biblical stories. This changed around the fifteenth century. Painters no longer painted strictly religious scenes. They painted different subjects such as nature or portraits and the technique also got more and more important. Esthetics became predominant. That’s when painting really became an art form.